Tension describes a painful condition of the muscles, which is primarily caused by hardening of the muscles. These hardenings arise from an increase in tone in the muscles, which persists over a longer period of time and does not resolve itself. This leads to a reduction in blood flow in the tense muscle, which is poorly supplied, which leads to pain and functional restrictions in the muscle and impairs its function. These impairments lead to evasive movements, which can cause further tension in other muscles.
Poor posture is often a trigger for tension. These poor postures occur everywhere in everyday life. We carry out consistent work every day, mostly with one-sided processes and one-sided actions. Here certain muscles are permanently stressed. A popular example is office work. Tensions are caused by a variety of poor posture. It starts with the sitting position in the office chair, working with shoulders hunched because the height of the desk is not well adjusted or the screen is not positioned directly in front of you or you jam the telephone receiver between your shoulder and ear. We find these poor postures not only at work but everywhere in our daily lives. These can be, for example, the relaxed position on the sofa or the one-sided strain when playing tennis, to name just two examples.
In addition to physical strain, psychological factors can also have a major influence on physical well-being. The influence of stress at work or in private life, anxiety or depression on the body should not be underestimated. This psychological tension is often transferred to the body and leads to poor posture, which in turn leads to tension.
A tense muscle is mainly noticeable through pain under strain. In addition to the pain, the affected muscles are hardened and their elasticity and ability to stretch are significantly limited. All of this together leads to poor posture and can lead to overloading of other muscles and joints.
In order to get rid of the tension and the associated pain, you have to find the underlying cause of the overload and eliminate it if possible; this is the only way to achieve long-term success. To relieve the symptoms, the tense muscles can be relaxed through massage. The massage increases blood circulation and better supplies the muscles. Heat treatment of the area can also help to increase blood circulation; here you can use a hot water bottle or a red light.